What type of training is available?

The purpose of First Aid is to provide immediate assistance in an emergency before the arrival of a medical professional.  In the workplace this means employers should do all they can to reduce the effects of injury or illness at work, even if these were not caused by the work itself.  HSE says that any First Aid provision should be ‘adequate and appropriate’ for your circumstances.  They recommend employers complete a quick and easy ‘First Aid Needs Assessment’ to help them decide on the best type of training for their staff.

There are 4 levels of First Aider / training:

  1. Appointed person – hasn’t completed a first aid course but is responsible for managing first aid supplies and making emergency calls
  2. Emergency First Aider at Work (EFAW) – 1 day basic training for life-threatening conditions
  3. First Aider at Work (FAW) – 3 day comprehensive training covering life-threatening conditions AND illness/injury in the workplace
  4. Additional training – where the contents of an EFAW or FAW course are not enough for your situation e.g paediatric training, outdoor first aid or forestry first aid; examples are included in the table below.
Additional training When additional training may be relevant
Management of a casualty suffering from hypothermia or hyperthermia Extensive exposure to the outdoor environment due to, for example, regular maintenance activity, eg trackside rail work, forestry
Management of a casualty suffering from hydrofluoric acid burns Glass industry, chemical manufacture, or other industries using pickling pastes containing hydrofluoric acid
Management of a casualty suffering from cyanide poisoning Chemical manufacture
Oxygen administration Confined space work, for example tank cleaning operations and working in sewers. Also, where there is a risk of exposure to hydrogen cyanide
Management of a drowning casualty Swimming pools, fish farms
Application of haemostatic dressings and/or tourniquets Sectors such as agriculture, forestry and construction Employers of people working in hospitality, events or other relevant sectors might wish to consider additional training to prepare for injuries to colleagues or the public, resulting from terrorist acts or other violent incidents
Recognise the presence of major illness and provide appropriate first aid (including heart attack, stroke, epilepsy, asthma, diabetes) Wherever the environment is low hazard but you have identified a risk, either based on the known health profile, age and number of employees or a need to consider members of the public
Paediatric first aid, as required by the Department for Education or local authorities, which complies with the syllabus produced by OFSTED for first-aid provision for children in a school or other childcare setting Schools and nurseries

What is covered in the different courses?

Workplace courses are suitable for anyone, including those who juts want to increase their first aid skill and knowledge, or use in a community or volunteering role.   Basic first aid training is not sufficient for you to take the role of first aider in a workplace situation – the table below shows which courses are appropriate for the workplace.  All courses are regulated and accredited, following the current guidelines set out by Resuscitation Council UK and First Aid Awarding Organisations Forum (FAAOF).  The syllabus for workplace courses is advised by HSE and FAAOF in line with current Resuscitation Council requirements.

Emergency First Aid at Work (EFAW) First Aid at Work (FAW) Emergency Paediatric First Aid Paediatric First Aid Combined FAW & Paediatric First Aid
Role and responsibilities of the first aider
Assessing an incident / emergency situation
Casualty Assessment
Incident reporting
First Aid kits
Unconscious casualty
Recovery position
Secondary Survey
Adult CPR
Infant & Child CPR
Defibrillation (AED)
Choking Casualty
Wounds & external bleeding
Minor injuries
Heart attack & angina
Diabetic emergency
Allergies & Anaphylaxis
Fractures & dislocations
Sprains & strains
Head injuries
Spinal injuries
Chest injuries
Burns & scalds
Eye injuries
Electric shock
Croup & other breathing difficulties
Ear, nose & eye conditions
Febrile convulsions
Bites & stings
Treatment for hot & cold temperatures